The Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act creates a duty for specified public bodies to meet wellbeing goals whilst observing the sustainable development principle. It also establishes a Future Generations Commissioner for Wales who will advocate for future generations and advise and support public bodies to carry out their duties under the Act.
The Act builds on and consolidates the central organising principle of the Welsh devolved administration, that of sustainable development. It was developed through consultations with people around Wales as well as with a variety of stakeholders and parliamentary committees. The Act includes a definition of sustainable development and 7 wellbeing goals (a prosperous, resilient, healthier, more equal, and globally responsible Wales with cohesive communities, a vibrant culture and thriving Welsh language).
There is a duty on public bodies, organised in some cases into Public Service Boards, to create wellbeing plans and demonstrate how they are maximising their contribution to the goals. There are stringent requirements for reports and accountability mechanisms through for example Local Authority Scrutiny Boards. Milestones are required to show that overall wellbeing goals are being met, or worked towards.
A pilot National Conversation The Wales we Want helped determine Welsh people’s priorities and there has also been pilot implementation of the Act by 11 local authorities and 3 national parks.